What is immune system?
In simple terms, the immunity is like our body guard. This means that the immune system protects our body from various things that enter our body such as bacteria, fungi, various toxins, viruses, etc.
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There are two main types of immune systems:
- Innate immune system.
- Adaptive immune system or acquired immune system.
What is innate immune system?
When a baby is born, it is born with an innate immune system. It is also called the Child’s Rapid Response System. It is activated as soon as the baby is born. And if it finds an invader, it takes immediate action. The cells of the immune system destroy the invader and keep the body healthy. These are called Phagocytes.
Then what is Adaptive immune or acquired immune system?
With the help of the innate immune system, the adaptive immune system makes antibodies in our body. To protect the body from external invaders. When the body meets that invader, the body makes immune cells called B lymphocytes. Whenever an invader enters our body, our immune system recognizes it and blocks it. It takes a few days for our body to make these antibodies, and as a baby gets older, the immune system changes continuously and trains it in such a way that no harmful diseases can attack the body.
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What are the symptoms for weak immune system?
Various symptoms or signs of weak immune system are there, some important symptoms I will discuss here with you:
- Getting cold frequently and other infections: The tendency to get cold frequently, especially during the season change; typically an adult body catches the common cold two to three times a year, and a child can catch the same cold 5 to 7 times in a year. But when there is a tendency to catch cold or flu almost every time throughout the year, then it should be understood that it is due to weakened immune system.
- Gastrointestinal disease: Another notable feature of a weakened immune system is digestive problems. People who have a weakened immune system have digestive problems most of the time throughout the year, maybe diarrhoea, constipation, bloating, etc.
- Delay in drying of body wounds: For those whose immunity is weak, it is too late to dry out any cuts or wounds on their body. Even if surgery is done, the chances of infection increase.
- Weak body and easy fatigability: Those who have low immunity become weak with little effort. There is always a feeling of weakness in the body, this problem persists throughout the day despite getting enough sleep or rest. They can’t work for long.
- Skin infection and ringworm: The skin is the first barrier of our body which protects our body from external germs. When our immune system is weakened, various rashes, inflammation, infection, ringworm, skin dryness can be noticed on the skin.
- Delayed growth and development: Children who have low immunity, have low growth and development or are irregular.
- Autoimmune diseases: Autoimmune disease is one of the most complex problems. The function of immunity is to fight against the invaders entering the body. But when autoimmune disease occurs, the body’s cells produce antibodies that begin to damage other healthy tissues in the body instead of the invaders. Immune deficiency disease reduces the body’s efficiency against the invader. Some diseases that result from auto immune disorder such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, type 1 diabetes, etc.
What decreases your immunity?
There are various reasons responsible for weak immunity,those are as follows:
- Not getting enough sleep during bedtime.
- Stress and worries reduce the immune response against invaders in our body.
- Lack of vitamins, (especially vitamin D) are responsible for poor immunity.
- Frequent medicine or drug used for allergies, arthritis, lupus, etc. may reduce your body immunity.
- Improper dieting or improper food habits, lack of vitamins like vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, zinc, carotene and other essential nutrients. Using high fat diet, fried food or oily foods are main cause of poor immunity.
- The habit of staying in the sun for a very short time, or keeping yourself away from the sun completely, does not give the T cells the strength to fight the infection.
- Smoking cigarettes, chewing tobacco are responsible for weakening your immunity.
- Drinking alcohol reduces the body’s ability to fight germs. Not only that, if someone has been drinking for a long time, the body’s repairing capability automatically get reduced, frequently fall sick for liver disease, tuberculosis, pneumonia, etc.
- Last but not least, as a result of not exercising regularly every day, the body’s immune system is weakened and people get sick easily.
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How to boost immunity?
You can boost your immunity by practicing these:
- In the diet list, add foods that are high in Vitamin A, Vitamin B, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Carotene, more nutrients, healthy fats are available. And by avoiding junk food from your food habits.
- Make a good habit of regular moderate exercise for at least 3 to 4 hours a week which helps you to boost your immunity.
- Take proper sleep of 6 to 8 hours during bedtime, go to bed early and get up early in the morning.
- Drink plenty of water during daytime, if you have healthy body weight make a habit of drinking water more frequently. Water does not provide immunity directly to our body, but it hydrates all the cells that fight germs and increases their ability to fight.
- Fruits, vegetables, nuts, foods rich in various antioxidants, and foods that are high in nutrients. Make it a habit to eat all these whole plant foods.
- Engage yourself in activities that are capable of curing anxiety. You need to manage your stress level by not thinking unnecessarily, talking to more people, spending time with your family and friends.
- You need to stop taking nicotine and alcohol and reduce your use of medicine or drugs without consulting a doctor.
- At least 7 to 15 minutes every day, in sunlight, exposing ourselves is very useful. Because we get vitamin D from the sun. Which gives energy to t cells to fight germs. It also strengthens our bone cells and boosts the immune system.
- Keeping in mind the current situation, you should keep a distance of at least six to seven feet from others, wash your hands with soap as often as possible throughout the day, use a mask, bring any food from outside, wash it well and then eat.
Stay healthy Stay well